First, the author examines the historical context of the integration of psychology and Christianity, and then provides its philosophical underpinnings, followed by a section that explores various models of integration. (Cavanagh & Levitov, 1982/â€‹2002) And according to Jay E. Adams, counselors must also “be directive,” which means that the counselor must be acquainted with the scriptures and should develop skills in dealing with clients based upon the Word of God. This leads to issues like moral relativism and flexible standards in societal behaviors. The Author remarks that one of the more difficult truths in spiritual formation is that it is inseparable from our relationships with others. If that meets the qualification for the integration test then so be it. Just as we look to mathematics to measure and make judgments on our wealth and physical well-being, we can use scripture to guide us in our search to make good decisions and to honor the Creator. He states that it is the process of being conformed to the image of Christ for the sake of others. He then considers whether integration of these two disciplines is attainable, desirable, or necessary (p. 16). He has given us the Bible to study, the Holy Spirit to teach and guide us, and of course His Son to save our souls so that we can be redeemed back unto Him. My initial response to the question is that your belief in God and faith should come first and that the scientific training should follow only if it lines up with scripture. There are strengths and weaknesses in applying the Integration Model in understanding the values and beliefs between psychology and Christian faith. Noted in particular were situations where persons had feelings of disappointment with God that caused more depression. You can view samples of our professional work here. (Adams, 1973/â€‹1986). This anxiety and fear leads to an inability to manage regular daily living and activities. Scripture is what shows us and teaches us what the possibilities are in living a Christ-like reality and existence. No plagiarism, guaranteed! Humans are rational beings, and psychology and theology draw on this capacity for reason. Our job is to create an atmosphere where they feel safe and secure in the midst of sometimes overpowering personal feelings, emotions and new realities. Truly there is a time to be still but, there is also a time to act on our new insights and the new personality we have acquired. Because of this, godly men and women make brilliant leaders, parents, teachers, and of course helpers. We also need to keep in mind that there might be a medical issue involved in our client’s problems. The common slogan for the Integration Models âAll Truth is Godâs Truth,â hence defining the underlying challenge on God's existence. Hunter states that Pastoral care of believers has been a part of life since the beginnings of the Christian Church whereas psychology has only been around for less than two hundred years and that Christian counselors are increasingly being sought out by those looking for advice on spiritual and religious issues (Hunter, 2009). I truly believe that medicine and science are godly pursuits and that God has inspired many of these endeavors for our betterment. That being said, it is difficult to argue with such a comprehensive treatment plan. First we have to decide what our basis for truth is, and exhaust that until it completely engulfs our way of viewing both the physical and spiritual worlds as well as the behavior of people. Yet not one of them will fall to the ground apart from the will of your Father. God is the reason we are here. It is important to remember that religion and psychology are both parts of Godâs truth to us and can be used to help ourselves and others. Both levels are valuable and useful, and practitioners who work in psychology need skills in both fields. I think that integrating Christianity and psychology can benefit a Christian client by allowing us to address spiritual matters and use spiritual techniques for healing. 29Are not two sparrows sold for a penny? Simply put, we can live in a state of love towards God and man or, we can live in fear of them because we believe that we are in danger. Peter the apostle said, “His divine power has granted to us everything pertaining to life and godliness, through the true knowledge of Him Who called us” (2 Peter 1 :3 New International Version). 27What I tell you in the dark, speak in the daylight; what is whispered in your ear, proclaim from the roofs. From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. We have to be able to show that we understand the difficulties inherent in a client’s asking for help and that we appreciate their individual situations. It should create clarity of the scriptures in regards to the problem at hand and it’s resolution. An introduction to the contributions a biblical understanding of human nature can make to the psychological practitioner's understanding of the therapeutic process. Perhaps, instead, we could say there is a need for reinterpretation as Christians consider the claims made by mainstream psychologists. All types of resistance are a likely possibility but, once we get to the point where a true therapeutic relationship has been built we can be of more influence and are more likely to incorporate the reading of scripture and discussions about biblical themes more readily. Biblical counseling has been described in my studies as the work and action of discipleship. The godly and holy person is able to be in total command of their behavior unlike the unsaved might expect. Christians should be able to take advantage of both science, psychology and Christian counseling techniques because all truth is God’s truth whether or not it is specified in scripture. The first step in treatment is to decide whether the object of fear is appropriate or not. The natural or sinful person is going to try and control, or to manipulate everything and everyone around them to better meet their desires and needs. I offer these as clear examples of the complimentary relationship between biblical truth and psychological interventions. Google Scholar Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. They are a distinct motivation towards action or, a calming of fear, anxiety, and other emotions. The saved person is able to even look beyond his or her own needs when important decisions need to be made. We do not want or need to completely integrate Christian faith with Psychology but, we dare not stay uninvolved in this area of study or it will be used against us and society will continue to be corrupted. The intensity of panic is typically inappropriate to the actual level of danger and is acknowledged by the client being unreasonable or irrational. More specifically, more and more Christians recognize that psychological observations illuminate our understanding of human cognition, emotionality and experience. Counseling is real work and we need to make our clients understand this and commit to the assignments and sessions. I believe that I have outlined the manner in which positive integration on our own terms could be established which is through Tan’s description of purposeful mentoring and personal relationships with professors and therapists with significant understanding and spiritual maturity. The successful integration of psychology and Christianity has long been a passion of â¦ Roberts and Watson maintain that there is not one universal psychology, but rather many rival psychologies. Even Christ taught by using scripture in His ministry so we should also use it as our main tool. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student. So, the Biblical presuppositions that we work with are still valid whether or not they are wholly accepted by any person or personality. I loved that this book provided 5 different psychology and Christianity integration models by 5 different authors then allowed the Authors to critique each other's views. Furthermore, there has been some scholarly work done in the area of Christian and psychological integration but, it has not been well received and has had little impact on scientific psychology (Bishop, 2009). The extensive and intentional use of Christian clinical supervisors throughout training enables counselors to develop integration and clinical skills that are Christ-centered, Biblical and well-matched to both Christian and non-believing clients. Cognitive Therapy provides the therapeutic tools to help us become aware of more of these thoughts and to identify our self-limiting beliefs and cognitive distortions so that we might replace them with whatever is true, noble, right, pure, lovely admirable, excellent and praiseworthy (Phil. Unlike the vague and transitory nature of medical and psychological theories, God has given us clearly stated standards from which to assess our lives and our behaviors in the scriptures. If we are successful in this endeavor we will be leading people to Jesus and a new way of life. People are also innately relational: psychologists use the therapeutic relationship itself as a means of healing, and Christians emphasize the importance of community, especially the church. The author discusses integration a combining the two books of God. Five Views on Integration of Christianity and Psychology Psychology and Christianity have been identified as two significant ways through which people view and interpret the nature of the world. He is the goal. The book, Integrative Approaches to Psychology and Christianity, discusses the integration of the different fields of Christianity and psychology. There is nothing concealed that will not be disclosed, or hidden that will not be made known. *You can also browse our support articles here >. This too is an attack on the Church and a society founded on Biblical principles. In his article, Doing Psychology as a Christian: A plea for wholeness (2012:33), Evans sides with critics of integration and contends that the essentially secular discipline of Psychology, with its own methods and achievements, and Christianity, with its beliefs expressed in theology, are not easily integrated. Paul did exactly the same thing in Romans 7, where he identified sin as something separate from himself (Rom. Tarakeshwar argued that religion should be fully integrated into psychological research since religious belief holds a large role in people’s lives regardless of their culture. That means that the answer to anxious behavior is often God because He is love. It is Christ that allows us to be reconciled back unto God. This paper forecasts changes to the integration of Psychology and Christianity for the next decade. Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? That does not mean that Christian counselors cannot utilize medicine or psychology in helping though. I imagine other connections could be made to other therapeutic modalities. The Christian psychology model is put forth by Robert C. Roberts (Baylor University) now joined by Paul J. Watson (University of Tennesee, Chattanooga). Never should we place our personal issues or desires before the authority of scripture because scripture leads to sanctification in Christ which is the foundation of our work. Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age.” Amen. More specifically, more and more Christians recognize that psychological observations illuminate our understanding of â¦ In the Bible we can learn about virtue, behavior, and man’s sinful nature. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 36, 530 â 548. We are all somewhere in the process of teaching and training others and being taught ourselves. Christianity and psychology have some things in common: They both state that our actions are the product of inner processes. All work is written to order. Garzon, F., Hall, E. L., & Ripley, J. S. (2014). Being forgiven is one of the most powerful events we can experience. The difficulty in meshing Christianity and Psychology is that there will always be a degree of fealty to one side or another. The Prevalence of Anxiety and its Part in Psychological Disorders, Anxiety is a symptom of fearfulness and the antithesis of fear is love. For Christian psychologists, our worldview must be determined by Scripture. The Integrates model has been expounded and defended in The Integration of Psychology and Theology by John D. Carter and Bruce Narramore (Carter & Narramore, 1979). Reference this. 30And even the very hairs of your head are all numbered. The approach basically argues that psychology and Christianity both view the human scene but operate at different levels. It is practically helpful to therapists-in-training as well as the professors who teach them." Looking for a flexible role? Is it Possible to Integrate Christianity and Psychology? How, specifically, are we to accomplish this? It is important that the development of a theory reflect the ability to integrate psychology and Christianity and the ability to multi-task. In the same vein of thought, Oman’s article described the connections between religion, spirituality and social empowerment. According to Strelan, many studies have demonstrated that spirituality and religion are closely associated with psychological well-being but, there are also levels of spiritual maturity and an individual’s ability to forgive others to contend with. Prayer and meditation upon God cements our relationship with Him. integration between psychology and Christianity. We are in essence engaging in the action of discipleship. Free resources to assist you with your university studies! There are biological, sociological, cultural and several other drivers of our individual conduct and behavior. In the third section, Johnson returnâ¦ Study for free with our range of university lectures! We are responsible for our behavior regardless of our race, socioeconomic background, or any other affiliation that is often brought up as a justification and excuse for poor conduct. All options are considered from medical and physical testing, to psychological assessments that could show a need for the administration of medications or further medical treatments. We must exert our authority and political power as one of the largest groups to ensure the proper counseling and training of Christian families and individuals everywhere to make sure that counseling and therapy meets the needs of our people. Spirituality imparts deeper metaphysical meaning to our lives. The counselor is expected to cultivate working professional relationships with physicians, psychologists, psychiatrists and religious leaders among others. This book tells about the integrating Christianity and psychology. Why should my family suffer for the deeds of both black and white slave traders and owners and what they did hundreds of years ago? (Adams, 1973/â€‹1986). God’s Word is found in many of our founding documents and even in the legal writings of this country. The author also asserts that spiritual formation is not just for church leadership, but it is to be the “primal reality of our existence.” By that the author is saying that we are being shaped by our decisions and our experiences either into the image of Christ or into something else. What could a secular psychologist do to aid a believer in this situation? According to Entwistle (2004), âthe book of godâs Word referred to the Bible, and the book of Godâs works reflects His deeds written throughout His creation. 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