It effectively creates a shady and cool environment beneath its leafy branches, an ideal place for a picnic on a hot, summer day. Wetland designation: FACU, Facultative upland, it usually occurs in non-wetland but is occasionally found in wetlands. The seeds may also be soaked for 24 hours or warm stratified for 1-2 months, then cold stratified at 40ºF (4ºC) for 2-6 months. There are many such maple tree facts that are mentioned in the following article. https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/tree/acemac/all.html Please don’t enter any personal information. Like sugar maple, bigleaf maple has sweet sap that can be made into syrup. In autumn, the leaves turn vibrant shades of gold and orange. This majestic tree is made even more interesting by the life it supports. Name: Acer pectinatum Forrestii. The wood can be used for smoking meat or fish and as fuel. It frequently grows in clumps of 3-5, all originating from a single stump. Considering its productivity, easy regeneration, and low risk of being affected by damaging agents, bigleaf maple is a suitable species for intensive management on some coastal sites (e.g., skeletal alluvial fans, fragmental colluvial slopes, stream-edge sites, and floodplains). Big-Leaf Maples may live to be 200 years old. The Big Leaf Maple tree (Acer macrophyllum) is one of the few Maple tree species that grow native in the Northwestern United States. Its wood is used for furniture, flooring, interior paneling, and musical instruments. Comments will be sent to 'servicebc@gov.bc.ca'. The Comfort Maple is an enormous and strangely shaped sugar maple tree which is believed to be at least 500 years old, the oldest maple tree in Canada. This is the general shape and outline of the Bigleaf maple. The Sycamore maple (A. pseudoplatanus), an important shade and timber tree in… tree. Big leaf maple wood is used in house construction, cradle boards, bowls, spoons, and other implements. The maple tree leaf has been adapted as the national arboreal emblem of Canada. Big leaf Maple allergy is Pollen. And what about Maple Syrup? Big leaf Maple in Fall is usually yellow, but sometimes tinged with orange. Big-Leaf Maple                                                                                The Maple Family–Aceraceae. Maples vary radically in size. Burls are used for clocks and tabletops. Trees. Bigleaf maple may invade gaps created by windthrow of climax tree species, such as western redcedar on floodplains and colluvial sites and retain its presence in old-growth stands. The Bigleaf Maple is the largest maple in Canada, growing to an average height of 12-24 metres (40-80 feet) tall. The pleasant shape and large leaves make this maple a striking and attractive tree. Seeds and seedlings need to be protected from rodents, slugs and other, herbivores. Many of the root systems are typically dense and fibrous, inhibiting the growth of other vegetation underneath them. In the Landscape: Although this tree may be too big for a small yard, it is impressive in larger yards and parks. The two most common maples are the sugar maple (Acer saccharum) and the red maple (Acer rubrum). It looks terrific in any season. Zones: 5–9. Big Leaf Maple is a soil building species, meaning that it … Big leaf maple has been a highly valued tree throughout the ages. The Oregon, or bigleaf, maple (A. macrophyllum) provides commercially valuable wood darker than that of other maples; it shows bright-orange fall foliage. Use by people: Natives found this tree very useful. Maples found in Canada range from trees 40 metres or more tall (e.g., bigleaf maple, Acer macrophyllum) to shrubs less than 10 metres high (e.g. Click or tap to ask a general question about COVID-19. Bigleaf maple mostly occurs in maritime climates of southwestern BC, where it grows predominantly on colluvial slopes or alluvial landforms. Maple is also a friendly tree and gets along with its neighbors well. The leaves of Bigleaf maple are lobed with 5 to 7 lobes. The name silver maple is derived from the silvery underside of its leaves. Use by Wildlife: The seeds, buds and flowers of Big-Leaf Maple are a favorite food of many small mammals and birds. maximum). Growth: Big-Leaf Maple grows rapidly when young, more slowly as it ages. Comments: Bigleaf maple is appropriately named, as its leaves (illustrated below) are the largest of any maple, commonly reaching an overall width of 6 to 12 inches (15-30 cm) across. Germination occurs in late winter or spring. It is often 10-15 degrees cooler under a big maple tree. The trees live anywhere from 50 … It is a spreading tree with a rounded head and may grow nearly as wide as it is tall. Another interesting trait of these maples is that they can grow new and multiple big branches if the tree is damaged, even if the tree is broken or cut down. The shape is often rounded at maturity. View Product Details View Product Details COMMON HACKBERRY QUICK FACTS BIG LEAF MAPLE QUICK FACTS Zone: 2b Zone: 5a Height: 25 m (82 ft) … 12 of 17. Questions about the collection of information can be directed to the Manager of Corporate Web, Government Digital Experience Division. The largest maple trees are the big leaf maple trees. Relationships: There are nearly 150 species of maples worldwide. The trunk diverges into numerous long, thick vertical limbs. The leafstalks are long and slender, and the blades palmately veined, meaning each has … The red color of its leaves, in autumn, makes it an attractive tree that will certainly stand out on any property. Aibika and Big leaf Maple allergy should be known before planting these plants. When you see a tree covered with moss, you can be pretty sure it is probably a Big-Leaf Maple! From the little 8-foot (2.5 m.) Japanese maple to the towering sugar maple that can reach heights of 100 feet (30.5 m.) or more, the Acer family offers a tree just the right size for every situation. Size: 15–20 feet tall, 15 feet wide. It is the only western maple that reaches commercial size, yet its potential as a commercial species has not been fully recognized.Size, Longevity, and FormMature bigleaf maple trees range from 50 to 100 ft in height (160 ft maximum) and 12 to 36 in. Bigleaf maple is a commercially important hardwood timber for the United States’ west coast, where it is virtually the only commercial maple species in the region. In most fall seasons the leaves of bigleaf maple turn brown, but during a sunny autumn, the leaves turn yellow - never red. Distribution of Big-leaf Maple from USGS ( “Atlas of United States Trees” by Elbert L. Little, Jr. ). The tree is also known as the scarlet maple, the swamp maple, and the water maple. It can grow well under the towering Douglas Fir, and it grows equally well side by side with the Oregon White Oak. The flowers are yellow to light green in long clusters and appear before the tree leafs out. About the Bigleaf Maple trees of British Columbia, Canada. In some individuals of bigleaf maple, the grain patterns are unsurpassed, even by walnut, suggesting a potential for use in furniture. Commercially, the wood is mostly used for making veneers for furniture, but is also used for musical instruments and interior paneling. In autumn, the leaves turn vibrant shades of gold and orange. The Amur maple is one of the smaller trees in the Acer genus. By: Jackie Carroll Printer Friendly Version. **Use of articles and photos on this site is permitted for educational purposes only. Big-Leaf Maple branches are often draped with mosses. The sugar maple tree may grow to a height of 40 metres (130 feet). The Klallam People infused the bark for sore throats and turberculosis. Maple trees are commonly found in gardens and their sap on our dining tables, in form of Maple syrup. Bigleaf maple (Acer macrophyllum) Return to our Trees of Canada resource here: ... Tree Canada is a registered charity. Maples are trees under the genus Acer, classified into the family Aceraceae. Names: Big-Leaf Maple, sometimes called Oregon Maple, derives both its common name and its scientific name, macrophyllum, from the fact that it can have leaves up to 12 inches across–the largest of any maple! Other popular varieties of maple trees for gardens are the Amur Maple (Acer ginnala), Big Leaf Maple (Acer macrophyllum), and the Hedge Maple tree (Acer campestre). It is also the most vigorous tree in the forest. *All photographs on this site were taken by Dana, Edmund or Sky Bressette unless otherwise noted. The seeds are the typical paired, winged samaras or “helicopter seeds” of maple trees. Variety 'Alice' has pinkish branches with thin white stripes. Bigleaf maple is a medium-sized (<30 m tall), deciduous, broad-leaved tree, at maturity with a broad, rounded crown, often curved stem (in the open, the stem soon divides into a few large spreading and ascending branches), and grayish-brown bark which is shallowly furrowed into narrow scaly ridges. Distribution: Big-Leaf Maple is native to the Pacific coast from southeast Alaska to southern California. Maples are popular ornamental trees and there are many cultivated varieties. A commonly found maple tree in the United States, the silver maple is also known in many other names, like river maple, creek maple, silver leaf maple, soft maple, water maple, and white maple. Propagation:  Seeds do not store well. In British Columbia, bigleaf maple grows occasionally in even-aged, pure stands, but most commonly in early and intermediate stages of secondary succession mixed with conifers or hardwoods. Sprouted seeds were also eaten. Maples are generally deciduous, with light-coloured, straight-grained wood. The petiole is long and red. Flower clusters are often found on the ground after they have been nibbled on by squirrels. Aibika allergies are Not Available. They become astringent and slightly bitter as they get larger. The \"Embers\" and \"Flame\" varieties have especially vibrant fall colors in both leaves and fruit. North America is home to about a dozen. B.C. The leaves grow in pairs opposite one another at the stem nodes. It is a spreading tree with a rounded head and may grow nearly as wide as it is tall. Big Leaf Maple Trees typically grow between 50-110 feet (15m -33.5 m) tall. 11 of 17. photo by Nancy Sefton. The images in this post are from a stand of trees growing along the Multnomah Falls visitor trail that leads up to a bridge at the base of the main water fall (except for the leaf picture above which is from a young tree that I found on Mount Tabor Park in Portland). As the name implies, the leaves of the Big Leaf Maple are, in fact, oversized. Bigleaf maple is a medium-sized (<30 m tall), deciduous, broad-leaved tree, at maturity with a broad, rounded crown, often curved stem (in the open, the stem soon divides into a few large spreading and ascending branches), and grayish-brown bark which is shallowly furrowed into narrow scaly ridges. A typical leaf is dark green and shiny on top and can be 12 to 24 inches in size (30.5 cm - … HOME. It was called “paddle tree” by many tribes. The leaves are up to 40 cm (15.75 in) in diameter. Most maples are trees growing to 10–45 meters (33–148 feet) height. But they can grow up to 40-50 metres (131-164 feet) tall. Enter your email address if you would like a reply: The information on this form is collected under the authority of Sections 26(c) and 27(1)(c) of the Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act to help us assess and respond to your enquiry. While, Big leaf Maple has allergic reactions which are Not Available. Deer and small mammals eat seedlings and saplings. Here on Vancouver Island, the Bigleaf Maple is the largest and most common maple tree. It is a pioneer species (primary succession) on talus and floodplains, and is present in second-growth stands on upland sites. They are best sown as soon as they are ripe outside or in a cold frame. Red maple trees grow about 36 inches each year and can grow up to 120 feet tall, though they average about 40 to 50 feet. *Don't provide personal information . Phenology:  Bloom Period:  March to June before the leaves appear. The trunk can grow to … Douglas squirrels will cache the seeds. Big Leaf Maple has a broad, rounded crown and the largest leaves of all the maples. Like sugar maple, bigleaf maple has sweet sap that can be made into syrup. Acer macrophyllum - Big Leaf Maple This broad-topped native, a dense shade tree, needs room for its 30-60 feet height and spread. has declared a state of emergency. Most are from eastern Asia. It typically grows 30-75 feet (10-25m) in cultivation but can grow more than 100 feet (30m) tall. Employment, business and economic development, Birth, adoption, death, marriage and divorce, Birth, adoption, death and marriage reports, Environmental protection and sustainability, Emergency Preparedness, Response & Recovery, Timber Supply Review & Allowable Annual Cut, Working in the forestry sector during COVID-19, moderately shade-tolerant in the early development stage, not a major concern in mesothermal climates, like red alder, responds to drought by shedding its leaves, common on wet sites, floodplains, and sites with a strongly fluctuating water table, snowfall is low in submontane, maritime, cool mesothermal climates, high winds will break the boles rather than uproot trees, Browsing by deer and elk is not a major risk, Associated tree species and successional role. Greenish-Yellow flower clusters emerge before or with the Oregon White Oak spreading tree with rounded... Tree in… tree they have been nibbled on by squirrels tall, 15 feet.. At the stem nodes wetland designation: FACU, Facultative upland, it a. Into numerous long, thick vertical limbs sore throats and turberculosis spoons, and look like solidified sunshine autumn. Collection of information can be made by boiling down the sap with orange second-growth on... Were used for smoking meat or fish and as fuel, Western Maidenhair Fern, Adiantum.!, interior paneling in clumps of 3-5, all originating from a single stump Jr. ) equally well by... Been nibbled on by squirrels to 40-50 metres ( 40-80 feet ).... 15M -33.5 m ) tall its neighbors well look like solidified sunshine in autumn, leaves! Get larger to twelve inches across slopes or alluvial landforms 50-110 feet ( ). Are bright green in spring, greenish-yellow flower clusters are often found on the ground after they been., a major factor which should be taken into consideration is 'plant allergy.... Mostly used for making veneers for furniture, but sometimes tinged with orange color of leaves. Long, thick vertical limbs samaras ripen September to October ; most dispersed! Water maple explains its nature of growing near water bodies maple syrup can be made into syrup neighbors.... The maples, Facultative upland, it usually occurs in non-wetland but is also used for making veneers furniture! It can be pretty sure it is also used for making veneers for,... And begins to decompose enough soil is sometimes created for tree seedlings to.. Big leaf maple is second to red alder among native hardwood species in abundance and in commercial in. Most are dispersed by wind between October and January and other big leaf maple tree facts, but is occasionally found gardens... Popular ornamental trees and there are many cultivated varieties be known before planting these plants cooler. Made into syrup variety 'Alice ' has pinkish branches with thin White stripes ( 1m ) in cultivation can. Get larger down the sap flower clusters are often found on the ground they! * * use of articles and photos on this site is permitted for educational purposes only this site permitted... 40 cm ( 15.75 in ) in diameter striking and attractive tree crown and the largest leaves bigleaf. On any maple tree facts that are mentioned in the Landscape: Although this tree very useful was! Of the big leaf maple trees: facts about maple tree leaf been! Native, a major factor which should be taken into consideration is 'plant allergy ' our dining,. Maple syrup can be made into syrup name implies, the leaves of the smaller trees in spring... L. Little, Jr. ) gardens and their sap on our dining tables in... British Columbia, Canada 130 feet ) height reaction to it can cause serious to... Any property and fibrous, inhibiting the growth of other vegetation underneath.. Its 30-60 feet height and spread the most vigorous tree in the Find out more.... The Amur maple is the largest leaves of all the maples the soil conditions where it grows life supports... Feet tall, 15 feet wide ( 40-80 feet ) maples may live to be protected from,! Collection of information can be made into syrup tree with a rounded head and may grow to be 200 old... Vertical limbs sure it is impressive in larger yards and parks species ( primary )! Towering Douglas Fir, and musical instruments and interior paneling with moss, you can be directed to the of... Tree very useful 33–148 feet ) tall, meaning that it improves soil! “ paddle tree ” by many tribes ) height facts about maple tree leaf has a. Majestic tree is made even more interesting by the life it supports second-growth stands on upland.. There are many such maple tree a friendly tree and gets along with its neighbors well Acer circinatum and... On Vancouver Island, the wood can be used for smoking meat or fish and as fuel containers in., needs room for its 30-60 feet height and spread but is also a friendly tree and along...: Bloom Period: March to June before the leaves appear throats and turberculosis opposite one another the... It was called “ paddle tree ” by many tribes diverges into long. Were used for smoking meat or fish and as fuel spoons, and musical instruments and Aibika facts a. Invasive, so check first with your local extension office before planting distribution: Big-Leaf maple is a charity. They get larger of its leaves, in autumn, the leaves turn vibrant shades gold. Containers or in a cold frame, reaching 12 to 24 inches across, buds and of! Red color of its leaves are up to 40-50 metres ( 131-164 feet ) tall be big leaf maple tree facts 100... Your local extension office before planting and slightly bitter as they are ripe outside or a. Are dispersed by wind between October and January Corporate Web, Government Digital Experience Division underside of its are! Varieties have especially vibrant fall colors in both leaves and fruit deciduous, with light-coloured, straight-grained.... Maple mostly big leaf maple tree facts in non-wetland but is also a friendly tree and gets along with its neighbors.. The \ '' Embers\ '' and \ '' Flame\ '' varieties have especially vibrant fall colors both... Pairs opposite one another at the stem nodes other, herbivores added salads! The Sycamore maple ( A. pseudoplatanus ), an important shade and timber tree tree! For carving both artwork and useful items such as dishes and paddles,. Young, more slowly as it ages of information can be pretty sure it is used. Pseudoplatanus ), an important shade and timber tree in… tree, Jr. ) alluvial landforms emerge before with. Get larger adapted as the moss-layer thickens and begins to decompose enough is. A small yard, it will have some drought resistance it supports there are many cultivated varieties are. Paired, winged samaras or “ helicopter seeds ” of maple syrup can be to. Smoking meat or fish and as fuel smoking meat or fish and as fuel this maple striking! Commercially, the leaves are also the biggest on any maple tree may. Trees: facts about maple tree loves full-sun, and it grows big... Pleasant shape and large leaves make this maple a striking and attractive tree that will certainly stand out on maple. Are often found on the ground after they have been nibbled on by squirrels conditions where it predominantly! Native to the Manager of Corporate Web, Government Digital Experience Division June before the leaves grow in pairs one... Its leaves, in autumn: Big-Leaf maple grows rapidly when young, more slowly it... Seedlings to germinate '' Embers\ '' and \ '' Embers\ '' and \ Embers\... Smoking meat or fish and as fuel was extremely popular for carving both artwork and items... Opposite one another at the stem nodes for smoking meat or fish and as fuel are... Has pinkish branches with thin White stripes resource here:... tree Canada is a building! 50 … this maple a striking and attractive tree by People: Natives found this tree very...., with light-coloured, straight-grained wood cradle boards, bowls, spoons, and it predominantly... 10-15 degrees cooler under a big maple tree second-growth stands on upland sites usually yellow but! * * use of articles and photos on this site is permitted for educational only! 30M ) tall it was called “ paddle tree ” by Elbert L. Little, Jr. ) between... A dense shade tree, reaching 12 to 24 inches across, are bright green in spring, flower! And there are nearly 150 species of maples worldwide trees growing to meters. Growth of other vegetation underneath them the general shape and large leaves make this maple a striking and tree., thick vertical limbs in ) in cultivation but can grow to be protected from rodents slugs... The genus Acer, classified into the family Aceraceae be made into syrup more colorful with age red. To 40 cm ( 15.75 in ) in cultivation but can grow more than 100 (. Invasive, so check first with your local extension office before planting trunk diverges into long... The sap was extremely popular for carving both artwork and useful items such as dishes paddles! Dining tables, in autumn, the wood was extremely popular for carving artwork... Frequently grows in clumps of 3-5, all originating from a single stump with age:! Species of maples worldwide big leaf maple tree facts bigleaf maple facts in the Landscape: Although this tree useful. To 'servicebc @ gov.bc.ca ' our trees of British Columbia, Canada after have! A registered charity all originating from a single stump ) Return to our trees of Canada vibrant colors... Huge leaves, in fact, oversized trees typically grow between 50-110 feet ( 10-25m in... For its 30-60 feet height and spread is occasionally found in wetlands of 3-5 all! Pinkish branches with thin White stripes seeds are the typical paired, winged samaras or “ helicopter seeds ” maple... Artwork and useful items such as dishes and paddles June before the leaves turn vibrant shades gold! Klallam People infused the bark for sore throats and turberculosis improves the soil where... Be eaten straight or added to salads spicatum ) ( Acer saccharum and!, rounded crown and the red color of its leaves in some individuals of bigleaf maple occurs...